Pinophyta (Conifers, Evergreens, Needle-Leaved, Softwoods, Gymnosperms)
Latin NameCommon NameAlternate Names
Abies balsameaBalsam Fir
Juniperus virginianaEastern Red CedarRed Cedar, Eastern Juniper, Red Juniper
Larix larciniaEastern LarchTamarack, American Larch, Hackmatack, Juniper
Picea glaucaWhite SpruceCanadian Spruce, Cat Spruce, Pasture Spruce, Skunk Spruce
Pinus resinosaRed PineCanadian Red Pine, Norway Pine
Pinus strobusWhite PineEastern White Pine, Northern White Pine, Weymouth Pine
Thuja occidentalisEastern White CedarWhite Cedar
Tsuga canadensisEastern HemlockCanadian Hemlock
Magnoliophyta (Broadleaf, Deciduous, Hardwoods, Agiosperms)
Latin NameCommon NameAlternate Names
Acer negundoManitoba MapleBox-elder, Ashleaf Maple
Acer nigrumBlack MapleBlack Sugar Maple
Acer pensylvanicumStriped MapleMoosewood, Moose Maple
Acer rubrumRed MapleSwamp Maple, Soft Maple
Acer SaccharinumSilver MapleWhite Maple, River Maple
Acer saccharumSugar MapleHard Maple, Rock Maple
Acer spicatumMountain Maple
Alnus incana ssp. rugosaSpeckled AlderTag Alder, Gray Alder, Hoary Alder
Amelanchier laevisServiceberry TreeAllegheny Serviceberry, Juneberry, Indian Pear
Asimina triloba*PawpawPawpaw Custard Apple, False Banana
Betula alleghaniensisYellow BirchSwamp Birch
Betula lenta*Cherry BirchSweet Birch, Black Birch
Betula papyriferaPaper BirchCanoe Birch, White Birch,
Carpinus carolinianaBlue-BeechAmerican Hornbeam, Ironwood, Musclewood
Carya cordiformisBitternut HickorySwamp Hickory
Carya glabr*Pignut HickoryRed Hickory
Carya laciniosa*Big Shellbark HickoryShellbark Hickory, Shagbark Hickory
Carya ovataShagbark HickoryUpland Hickory, Scalybark Hickory
Carya tomentosaMockernut Hickory
Castanea dentataAmerican ChestnutSweet Chestnut
Celtis occidentalis*HackberryCommon Hackberry, Northern Hackberry
Cercis canadensisRedbud TreeEastern Redbud, Judas Tree
Cornus alternifoliaPagoda DogwoodAlternate Leaf Dogwood
Cornus floridaFlowering DogwoodEastern Flowering Dogwood
Cornus racemosaGray Dogwood Tree
Fagus grandifoliaAmerican Beech
Fraxinus americanaWhite AshCanadian Ash, American Ash
Fraxinus nigraBlack AshSwamp Ash, Hoop Ash, Water Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaRed AshGreen Ash
Fraxinus quadrangulata*Blue Ash
Gleditsia triacoanthosHoney LocustSweet Locust, Thorny Locust
Gymnocladus dioica*Kentucky Coffee TreeCoffee Tree
Hamamelis virginianaWitch-Hazel
Juglans cinereaButternutWhite Walnut
Juglans nigraBlack WalnutAmerican Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut
Liriodendron tulipiferaTulip TreeYellow-poplar, Tulip-poplar
Magnolia acuminata*Cucumber TreeCucumber Magnolia
Malus coronariaWild Crab AppleSweet Crab Apple
Morus rubra*Red Mulberry
Nyssa sylvaticaBlack GumBlack Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge
Ostrya virginianaIronwoodHop-hornbeam
Platanus occidentalisSycamoreAmerican Sycamore, Plane-tree, Buttonball
Populus balsamiferaBalsam PoplarEastern Balsam Poplar, tacamahac
Populus deltoidesEastern CottonwoodPlains Cottonwood
Populus grandidentataLarge-toothed AspenBig-toothed Aspen, Canadian Aspen
Populus tremuloidesTrembling AspenQuaking Aspen, Aspen Poplar
Prunus americanaAmerican PlumWild Plum
Prunus nigraCanada PlumRed Plum, Wild Plum, Horse Plum
Prunus pensylvanicaPin CherryWild Red Cherry, Fire Cherry
Prunus serotinaBlack Cherry
Prunus virginianaChokecherryEastern Choke Cherry, Common Cokecherry, Wild Cherry
Ptelea trifoliata*HoptreeCommon Hoptree, Wafer-ash, Stinking-ash
Quercus albaWhite OakStave Oak
Quercus bicolorSwamp White oakSwamp Oak
Quercus ellipsoidalis*Northern Pin OakHills Oak, Hill Oak
Quercus macrocarpaBurr OakBur Oak, Blue Oak
Quercus muehlenbergiiChinquapin OakChinkapin Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak
Quercus palustris*Pin OakSwamp Oak
Quercus prinoidesDwarf Chinquapin OakDwarf Chestnut Oak
Quercus rubraRed OakNorthern Red Oak
Quercus shumardii*Shumard OakSwamp Red Oak
Quercus velutinaBlack Oak
Rhus typhinaStaghorn SumacSumac, Velvet Sumac
Rhus vernis (syn. Toxicodendron vernix)Poison SumacSwamp Sumac, Poison Dogwood, Poison Elderberry
Salix amygdaloidesPeachleaf Willow
Salix bebbianaBebb WillowBebbs Willow,Beakec Willow
Salix discolorPussy Willow
Salix exigua (syn. Salix interior)Sandbar WillowCoyote Willow
Salix lucidaShining Willow
Salix nigraBlack WillowSwamp Willow
Sassafras albidumSassafras
Sorbus americanaAmerican Mountain AshRowan Tree, Dogberries, Whitebeams
Tilia americanaBasswoodAmerican Linden
Ulmus americanaWhite ElmAmerican Elm
Ulmus rubraRed ElmSlippery Elm
Ulmus thomasiiRock ElmCork Elm
Viburnum lentagoNannyberrySweet Viburnum, Sheepberry
*Rare or Endangered Trees

Sources:

Connon Nurseries. 1999 Order Catalogue. 1999. Coombes, Allen J. Trees. Toronto: Stoddart Publishing Co. Limited, 1992. Farrar, John Laird. Trees in Canada. Markham: Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited, 1995. Lauriault, Jean. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada. Richmond Hill: Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited, 1992. Guy Sternberg & Jim Wilson, Landscaping with Native Trees. Shelburne, Vermont: Chapters Publishing Ltd., 1995.